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Bob Dylan c. 1964
by Jack Wright
For those who aren’t quite familiar with some of the cultural aspects of Spanish life, let me clue you in on the prestigious Prince of Asturias prizes which are awarded by the Prince of Asturias Foundation “to consolidate links between the Principality and the Prince of Asturias, and to contribute to encouraging and promoting scientific, cultural and humanistic values that form part of mankind’s universal heritage.” The prizes were created on 24 September 1980 by Felipe, Prince of Asturias, who was then twelve years old. The Prince of Asturias is the title of the heir to the throne of Spain and is the equivalent of the Prince of Wales in the UK.
The annual Prince of Asturias Awards which are presented in the early fall at the 19th century Campoamor Theater in Oviedo, the capital of the Principality of Asturias, consist of different categories: Arts, Communications and Humanities, International Cooperation, Literature, Social Sciences, Sports, Technical and Scientific Research, Concord, and Exemplary Town of Asturias.
In many cases the Prince of Asturias actually stole a march on the Nobel prizes by several years despite the fact that the fomer were established almost a century later.
Here’s the list of the Prince of Asturias–Nobel laureates. The years they won are in parentheses, first the Prince of Asturias, then the Nobel): Camilo José Cela (1987 / 1989); Mikjail Gorbachov (1989 / 1990); Doctors Without Borders (1991 / 1999); Nelson Mandela and Frederick W. de Klerk (1992 / 1993); Isaac Rabin y Yaser Arafat (1994 / 1994); Gunter Grass (1999 / 1999); John Sulston (2001 / 2002); Muhammad Yunus (1998 / 2006); Doris Lessing (2001 / 2007); Al Gore (2007 / 2007); Luc Montagnier (2000 / 2008); Paul Krugman (2004 / 2008), Peter Higgs and François Englert (2013 / 2013); Shuji Nakamura (2008 / 2014); and Bob Dylan (2007 – 2016).
The jury of the Prince of Asturias said on awarding the Arts prize to Dylan in 2007: he is “a living legend in the history of popular music and a guiding light for a generation that dreamt to change the world. Dylan, with an austere manner and profound messages, combines music and poetry in an oeuvre that has gathered a large following and which determines the sentimental education of many millions of people. For this reason, he embodies the spirit of an age that seeks ‘in the wind’ the hopes residing within the hearts of human beings.”
And what does the Nobel’s Swedish Academy say on awarding the prize in Literature to Dylan 9 years later? Well, he’s “created new poetic expressions within the great American song tradition.”
Though the Academy was somewhat jittery, choosing the 76-year old Dylan wasn’t really “a difficult decision,” said Sara Darius, the Academy’s permanent secretary. “We hoped the news would be received with joy, but you never know. . .We’re really giving [the Literature prize] to Bob Dylan as a great poet – that’s the reason we awarded him the prize. He’s a great poet in the great English tradition, stretching from Milton and Blake onwards. And he’s a very interesting traditionalist, in a highly original way. Not just the written tradition, but also the oral one; not just high literature, but also low literature.”
But you simply can’t please everybody. Author Irvine Welsh (Trainspotting), who’s a self-avowed Dylan fan, spewed venom: “This is an ill-conceived nostalgia award wrenched from the rancid prostates of senile, gibbering hippies”.
For his part, on hearing the news of the award, Salman Rushdie proclaimed he was spending the day playing Mr Tambourine Man, Love Minus Zero/No Limit, Like a Rolling Stone, Idiot Wind, Jokerman, Tangled Up in Blue and It’s a Hard Rain’s Gonna Fall.
All together now:
Hey, Mr. Tambourine Man, play a song for me
I’m not sleepy and there ain’t no place I’m going to
Hey, Mr. Tambourine Man, play a song for me
In the jingle jangle morning I’ll come following you
It’s been more than two decades since an American won the Nobel Lit. Toni Morrison, in 1993, was the penultimate laureate.
Following the coronation of Felipe VI as King of Spain in 2014, the Prince of Asturias Foundation renamed the prizes the Princess of Asturias Awards in view of the new heir presumptive to the Spanish throne, Leonor, Princess of Asturias.
Featured image uploaded by Xavier Badosa via Flickr, CC BY 2.0
Bagpipers by Michel Curi, CC BY2.0 via Flickr
Rudyard Kipling citation by Tony Hisgett via Flickr, CC BY2.0
Dylan in Vitoria by Alberto Cabello, CC BY2.0
Awards ceremony, 2015, by Ruben Ortega, CC BY-SA4.0 cropped
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