Sermiligaaq settlement near the Sermilik Fjord
1. GREENLAND (Kalaallit Nunaat in Greenlandic; Grønland in Danish):
Unusually warm air temperatures this summer have caused record melt across Greenland. Approximately 90 percent of the surface of Greenland’s ice sheet melted at some point between July 30 and Aug. 2, during which time an estimated 55 billion tons of ice melted into the ocean, according to the National Snow and Ice Data Center.