Spaniards are most fond of saying that they harbor no racial prejudice whatsoever. That is true in one sense. In another sense what the Spaniards say is not the whole truth in at least two significant cases. The first involves the Basques; the second the gypsies. No “Spaniard” will ever raise a racial issue in discussing the Basques. An yet almost every Basque -- some 2 million of them -- will agree with the publicly repeated proposition of the far-left pro-Basque independence coalition in Spain, Herri Batasuna: “No somos españoles!”
"Guernica, a terrifying mural oil painting of greys, whites, and blacks, was Picasso’s response to the aerial bombing of Guernica, a town in the Basque Country. With Guernica he took a leap into political discourse, reflecting the tremendous events that unfolded in the Basque town"