by Mary Foran
Mexicans celebrate the routing at Puebla with pride
and patriotism, and everything Mexican
Most Americans think that the Mexican celebration of Cinco de Mayo is the Mexican Independence Day Holiday. But that is on September 16th. The fifth of May is really a celebration of the Mexicans’ brave defeat of the French forces in the Battle of Puebla on May 5th, 1862.
What happened was that the French occupied Mexico after the Mexican-American war of 1846-48 and the 1858-61 Reform War which was a civil war. The Mexican Treasury was left nearly bankrupt and the then Mexican President Benito Juarez imposed a 2 year moratorium on foreign debt payments. and repayment. Britain and Spain negotiated with Mexico and withdrew, but France was ruled by Napoleon III who decided to use this opportunity to establish an empire in Mexico that would favor French interests.
In late 1861, the French landed a decisive force in Veracruz and pushed President Benito Juarez and his government back. Moving toward Mexico City, the French army met considerable resistance from the Mexicans near Puebla. The poorly equipped 2000 Mexican soldiers defeated the 6000 or so French army in an amazing turn of events that is celebrated with pride even today. On June 5th, 1867, Benito Juarez finally reestablished his government in Mexico City after much back and forth with the French.
Now Mexicans celebrate the routing at Puebla with pride and patriotism, and everything Mexican: pinatas, guacamole, negra modelo beer and of course tacos and burritos and enchiladas. Americans join in the celebration all over the country which has a truly Mexican flair now.
>Featured image: Cinco de Mayo at the White House (Official White House photo)
>Charge of the Mexican Cavalry at the Battle of Puebla by Mike Manning. Uploaded by Jamuki (http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Jamuki), CC BY-SA 3.0
>Oil painting of President Benito Juarez, PD
>Guacamole: https://www.flickr.com/people/35034346243@N01. PD
>Enchilada mexicana by http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Lameirasb, CC BY-SA 4.0
>Tacos by jeffreyww (https://www.flickr.com/photos/jeffreyww/), CC BY SA2.0
Castro praised the Argentine Pontiff for helping set up the diplomatic breakthrough between Cuba and the United States
After his meeting with Pope Francis at the Vatican in Rome, President Raul Castro of Cuba made comments which had the news media buzzing. Castro commented in a televised news conference about how impressed he was with Pope Francis’ teachings, saying he may even go back to the Roman Catholic Church and pray again as he did at the Jesuit schools of his youth.
Castro praised the Argentine Pontiff for helping set up the diplomatic breakthrough between Cuba and the United States, along with the help of the Canadian government.
Pope Francis plans to visit Cuba before his visit to the U.S. in September.
In a televised news conference, Castro said, “I promise to go to all of his Masses, and with satisfaction,” adding “I read all the speeches of the pope, his commentaries, and if the pope continues this way, I will go back to praying and go back to the Church. I’m not joking,” he concluded.
Castro explained, “I am from the Cuban Communist Party, that doesn’t allow believers, but now we are allowing it. It’s an important step.”
Castro commented that he hopes the U.S. Senate will take Cuba off the roster of terrorist-supporting countries.
All three photos: YVKE Radio Mundial, Ministerio del Poder Popular, Gobierno Bolivariano de Venezuella (http://www.radiomundial.com.ve/article/papa-francisco-recibi%C3%B3-al-presidente-ra%C3%BAl-castro-en-el-vaticano-fotos) , via Creative Commons–GNU/GPL license
Texts, prints, photos and other illustrative materials depicted in GUIDEPOST have been either contributed by the authors of each published work or, to the Magazine’s good-faith knowledge, are in the public domain or otherwise benefit from the allowances of Articles 9(2), 10, 10(bis), and applicable others of the Berne Convention for the Protection of literary and artistic works.