The dunes are unique. They move from the beach to the river
1 August 1986
SPAIN’S NATURAL WONDERLANDS
by Jun Carbajo
Spain is a country that has many things to offer everyone. There are beautiful cities, like Granada, Córdoba, Sevilla, Toledo, Segovia, Avila, Salamanca and Santiago de Compostela, big cities, full of excitement like Madrid and Barcelona. And there are marvelous beaches and mountains visited by tourists from many different places.
There is, however, one area that does not get so much attention in Spain: The National Parks.
The National Parks in Spain are Reserves or places kept in their natural condition and with some unusual beauty. They have unpaved roads in most of the cases, they do not have resting areas, lodging facilities or visitor’s centers in some cases. Compared to the National Parks in the U.S., very tourist oriented, the Parks in Spain are not so well developed.
There are nine National Parks in Spain, five of them are in the Peninsula, the other four are in the Canary Islands. . . Three of the Parks are mountainous and they are located in the Center and the other one in the Southwest of Spain. The four Parks of the Canary Islands are volcanic.
In order to enjoy the visit to the National Parks and see the most of them, some information should be gathered in advance. The trips should also be well planned. . .
DOÑANA NATIONAL PARK
This is the largest National Park in Spain, with an area of 292 sq. miles (75,765 Ha). It was [granted the status of national park] in 1969. It is, perhaps, the best known National Park inside and outside of Spain . . . It was linked to rich families and royal huntings, and it has been considered a Paradise, where Nature is practically intact.
It is located in the Southwest of Spain, west of the Guadalquivir River, downstream of Sevilla. Part of the park is located in the province of Sevilla and part in the province of Huelva.
About half of the park belongs to the National Trust; most of the Park is still private property. The Park corresponds mainly to a humid ecosystem with swamps where many birds live and reproduce. It resembles the Everglades National Park in Florida.
There are three different parts in the park: the swamps, the dunes and the forest. The swamps cover the largest area of the Park; some of them may get dry during the summer, thus reducing their extension. There are 125 species of birds living permanently in the Park and around 150 species stay part of the winter during the migration period. Among these species there are flamingos, storks, ducks and imperial eagles.
The second part of the park is composed of the dunes which are unique as they move from the beach to the river. The sand comes from the beach and the wind moves it slowly inland until the dunes reach the Guadalquivir River. Then the river transports the sand back to the sea. The dunes almost totally cover the vegetation as they move. After they pass, dead pine trees can be observed. These dunes are of unusual beauty, like a small desert inside the Park. Part of the movie “Lawrence of Arabia” was filmed in this part of the Doñana National Park.
Finally, the third part of the park corresponds to the forest that is located in between the dunes and the swamps. The forest has oak trees, cork oak tress, pines, eucalyptus, and many bushes like myrtle and mistic. Many mammals and reptile live in this area: deer, boar, lynx, hare and fox.
Visitors can only drive their car to the Visitor Centers. Small areas of the park, around these Visitor Centers, can be visited. To see more of the Park, guided tours can be arranged through the Visitor Center of “El Acebuche”. These tours take about four hours. . . They start along the beachline where many old observation towers can be seen. At the end of the beach is the Guadalquivir River with the towns of Sanlucar de Barrameda and Chipiona on the other side of the river. The tour continues through the forest part of the Park, then the swamps and finally the dunes to return to the beach and to the Visitor Center of “El Acebuche” . . .
HOW TO VISIT THE PARK
. . .The entrance to the park is free, the guided tour cost 1,500 Ptas. per person. For the guided tour reservations should be made well in advance . . . The visiting hours change with the seasons . . .
To arrive at the park, take Highway A-49 between Sevilla and Huelva, or route N-431. About half of the way between Sevilla and Huelva, take the C-445 South to Bollullos del Condado and Almonte. After passing El Rocío (25 Kms. off the Highway) is “La Rocina” Information Center on the right side of the road. From this Center you can go to the “El Acebrón” Palace. To go to “El Acebuche” Visitor Center then continue on road C-445 South for another 10 Kms. The Visitor Center is also on the right side of the road.
“El Rocío” is a small town with a very famous church, where a big Romería [pilgrimage] is celebrated in May. During the Romería the place will be very, very crowded, dusty and noisy, and therefore perhaps best avoided during those days.
The monastery of “La Rábida”, 36 Kms. from Matalascañas on the road to Huelva, is worth a visit. This place is related to Christopher Columbus and the discovery of the Americas in 1492. A few kilometers from the monastery, already in Huelva, is the monument to Columbus on a cape at the Huelva bay.
Finally, if time permits a visit to Sevilla and Jerez de la Frontera could be included and crowned with a little sherry tasting at one or two (only?) of the many bodegas in the area.
Featured image ( dunes in Doñana) by Antartidae via Wikipedia, CC BY-SA4.0
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