Neither the Catalan autonomous government nor the central government will budge an inch from their respective entrenched positions. At
the rate the “trains” are going, there’s bound to be a
head-on collision in the next few days
By Christopher Collins
One hears of nothing else these days in Spain but the “referendum” that the central government claims won’t happen while the regional Catalan government insists it will. Come what may.
The Government of Catalonia has set the consulta on Catalan independence for 1 October 2017 (“Do you want Catalonia to become an independent state in the form of a republic?”). It was approved by the autonomous parliament of Catalonia on 6 September 2017. The law passed by that parliament states that with just a simple majority vote, and no requirement for a minimum turnout, Catalonia will have gained independence.
The Government of Spain opposes the Catalan referendum on the grounds that the Spanish Constitution does not allow any region to secede.
The parties opposing the referendum – mainly the conservative party in power, the Partido Popular; PSOE, the socialist party; and the centrist Ciudadanos – are calling for their constituents to boycott. For one thing, the deputies of the Catalan parliament who voted Yes to the holding of the referendum do not represent the will of the majority of the Catalans, they say.
In fact, there’s a slight majority against the separation of Catalonia from Spain. Some analysts say this small majority will increase as the national economy recovers from the terrible crisis that had battered the whole nation. Others fear that the intransigence of the central government will antagonize those who don’t actively support independence, and even those who are against it, thereby increasing the pro-independence sentiment.
As it is, many Catalans already feel they are historically treated unfairly by Madrid, a feeling that deepened during the nearly four decades of the Franco regime.
The Constitutional Court of Spain has ruled on 7 September 2017 that the referendum is illegal and, accordingly, called for its suspension. Far from being intimidated, the Catalan government thumbed its nose at the court order, saying it wasn’t valid in and for Catalonia.
A great number of the municipalities in the region are in favor of holding the referendum. But the municipalities against, while much fewer, are much bigger and represent the majority of Catalan voters.
So far, the Catalan government has failed to enlist any meaningful international support. In particular, Spain’s European partners see the issue as strictly domestic. And refuse to jump into the fray.
President Donald Trump feels no such reticence. This 26 September, in a joint press conference with Spain’s Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy who is on state visit to the United States, he has proclaimed his unqualified support for a “united” Spain: “Spain is a great country and it should remain united.”
A blow to the Catalan separatistas.
At that White House press conference, Trump said: “I really think the people of Catalonia would stay with Spain. I think it would be foolish not to. You’re talking about staying with a truly great, beautiful and very historic country. I bet you, if you had accurate numbers and accurate polling, you would find they love their country. They love Spain.”
Neither the Catalan autonomous government in Barcelona, headed by regional president Carles Puigdemont, nor the central government in Madrid, presided by Rajoy, will budge an inch from their respective entrenched positions. Catalonia says it has all the right in the world to carry out the referendum. A matter of the right to self-determination.
Many Spanish leaders, particularly those who see the crisis as a political – as opposed to legal/constitutional – issue, lament the utter lack of dialogue between the antagonists. Too much enmity swirling around. No desire for compromise. One dire result: constitutional crisis.
At the rate the “trains” are going, there’s bound to be a head-on collision in the next few days. Choque de trenses. Unless one blinks in the nick of time. Improbable?
Featured image/Vitaly Volkov CC By2.0, cropped
Ballot facsimile/Generalitat de Catalunya, PD
Lleida/Jesus Garcia with the permission of Turisme de Lleida, CC BY-SA3.0
White House press conference/Pool Moncloa/Diego Crespo